Frequent Questions

Can MOVES model Hybrid-Electric vehicle?

MOVES2010 and MOVES2010a do not separately model conventional and plug-in hybrids; rather they compute emissions for "average vehicles" for each model year and include hybrids in the average.

EPA is now working to understand what kinds of future modeling will require explicit consideration of hybrid vehicle technologies and is considering whether this capability should be designed into future versions of MOVES or developed as a stand-alone modeling tool. 


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